Employees
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Employees by region (at Dec. 31)          
EMEA 7,956 8,658 8,708 9,079 9,083
Switzerland 2,164 2,012 2,029 2,022 2,001
Germany 1,440 1,784 1,777 1,832 1,778
France 582 643 637 754 727
North America 1,437 1,438 1,488 1,653 1,818
USA 1,218 1,216 1,275 1'432 1,580
Latin America 2,170 2,329 2,609 2,437 2,349
Brazil 508 504 755 617 577
Asia/Pacific 3,670 3,868 4,090 4,112 4,169
China 1,286 1,287 1,220 1,083 1,099
Japan 615 614 629 670 673
Total 15,233 16,293 16,825 17,281 17,419
           
Personnel expenses (in CHF mn)          
Wages and salaries 837 849 894 900 941
Social charges, other 200 182 200 207 218
Personnel expenses 1,037 1,031 1,094 1,107 1,159
Personnel expenses as % of net sales 21 20 20 20 20
Key data per employee (in CHF 1,000)          
Net sales 317 326 336 321
331
Net value-added* 96 98 103 103 112

Annotations

*See annual report, p. 134, five-year reviews, value-added statement.