Employees
  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Employees by region (at Dec. 31)          
EMEA 8,658 8,708 9,079 9,083 9,822
Switzerland 2,012 2,029 2,022 2,001 1,970
Germany 1,784 1,777 1,832 1,778 1,808
France 643 637 754 727 701
North America 1,438 1,488 1,653 1,818 2,142
USA 1,216 1,275 1'432 1,580 1,911
Latin America 2,329 2,609 2,437 2,349 2,479
Brazil 504 755 617 577 574
Asia/Pacific 3,868 4,090 4,112 4,169 4,041
China 1,287 1,220 1,083 1,099 1,066
Japan 614 629 670 673 661
Total 16,293 16,825 17,281 17,419 18,484
           
Personnel expenses (in CHF mn)          
Wages and salaries 849 894 900 941 991
Social charges, other 182 200 207 218 221
Personnel expenses 1,031 1,094 1,107 1,159 1,212
Personnel expenses as % of net sales 20 20 20 20 19
Key data per employee (in CHF 1,000)          
Net sales 326 336 321
331 348
Net value-added* 98 103 103 112 117

Annotations

*See annual report