Employees
  2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Employees by region (at Dec. 31)          
EMEA 8,708 9,079 9,083 9,822 10,983
Switzerland 2,029 2,022 2,001 1,970 2,024
Germany 1,777 1,832 1,778 1,808 2,354
United Kingdom
728 772 817 837 864
France 637 754 727 701 685
North America 1,488 1,653 1,818 2,142 2,349
USA 1,275 1,432 1,580 1,911 2,164
Latin America 2,609 2,437 2,349 2,479 2,518
Brazil 755 617 577 574 589
Asia/Pacific 4,090 4,112 4,169 4,041 4,210
China 1,220 1,083 1,099 1,066 1,181
Japan 629 670 673 661 673
Total 16,825 17,281 17,419 18,484 20,060
           
Personnel expenses (in CHF mn)          
Wages and salaries 894 900 941 991 1,095
Social charges, other 200 207 218 221 250
Personnel expenses 1,094 1,107 1,159 1,212 1,345
Personnel expenses as % of net sales 20 20 20 19 19
Key data per employee (in CHF 1,000)          
Net sales 336 321
331 348 368
Net value-added* 103 103 112 117 117

Annotations

*See annual report